As we believe all PADI dive professionals should be able to handle diving skills especially from the PADI skill circuit neutrally buoyant. The same thing applies for IDC candidates. However it should be up to the individual PADI professional we just ask a little more from our candidates. So how do you demonstrate all these different skills and how can you break them up in small blocks so people can remember?
To help you, here we explain every skill in small steps and we also made short video demonstrations. This page will be updated regularly with new skills and with updated skills if PADI standards have changed.
The Rescue Skill demonstrations you can find in Skills & Environment under Rescue Skills
B. BCD – Check inflate and deflate.
W. Weights, attached, right hand release / quick release.
R. Releases, all clips done up.
A. Check air is on.
F. Final ok, fins, mask, hoses streamlined.
Emphasize: buddies check each other.
Fins on, mask on and snorkel in place. Show “you watch me”. Show inflate BCD before stepping to the edge. Step (backwards or sideways) to the edge of the pool. Replace snorkel with regulator. Edge of toes should line up with the edge of the pool. Check if the water is clear. Right hand on regulator and mask. Left hand holding the weight belt in place. Look to the horizon. Step gently into the water. Once in the water, signal okay, remove regulator and replace with snorkel.
BCD should be inflated when you start the skill. Show breathing in and out. Take a breath and signal that you are holding your breath by making a fist. Show that you are deflating your BCD. Float at eye level.
*Optional, breathe out to demonstrate that you slowly sink.
Head in the water with students facing you. Signal that you are taking a breath in with your regulator, remove, show bubbles and replace with snorkel. Clear snorkel by exaggerating a forceful blow out. Demonstrate breathe in. Take snorkel out, show bubbles and change to regulator and demonstrate exaggerated clearing.
S. Signal ok to go down
O. Orientate to beach/boat and check underwater
R. Regulator. Switch from snorkel
T. Check the time for dive planning
E. Elevate inflator hose to begin the descent
*Optional for E, mention equalizing ears.
Descending while deflating only step by step until being neutrally buoyant without touching the ground.
Use signal you mentioned during briefing (i.e. point to regulator and show you are going to remove it.) Demonstrate breathe in. Remove regulator and place behind right shoulder. Exaggerate lean to the right. With right hand reach down, touch leg, touch tank and sweep arm around. Regulator hose should be over right shoulder. Use the left hand to find the hose. Place regulator back in mouth and demonstrate exaggerated clearing, either by purging or by demonstrating a breath out. Demonstrate comfortable, breathe in.
Use fingers to break the seal at the top of the mask. Show mask is fully flooded. Remove the strap and then the mask. Hold in your hands in front of you. Tilt your head to the right to avoid bubbles in the nose. Use thumb to locate the nose pocket of the mask, show that this is how you make sure it is correctly aligned by pointing to your nose. Put mask and strap back in place. Demonstrate that there is no hair in the mask, breathe in. Hold the top of the mask to create a seal. Breathe out through the nose while look up. Finally show that the mask is clear.
NOTE: If you are assisting on an Open Water Course in Confined Water you will also need to remind students that they must breathe without the mask for 1 minute.
Ask your assistant to turn off your air. Show that you are breathing normally with your hands. Show students your SPG and let them watch the gauge move to zero as you breathe. At zero give the “out of air, share air” signal. Assistant should turn your air back on now. Turn to face your assistant and again give the “out of air, share air” signal. Assistant is pulling out his alternate air source and hands it with mouthpiece up to you. Once you grab it you need to demonstrate bringing the hose over the assistant’s right shoulder. Show that the regulator should be orientated the correct way. Change from primary to alternate. Demonstrate strong roman handshake. Signal “ok”, and “go up”, lift inflator hose up over left shoulder. At this point you can “cut” the skill, using the scissor sign.
Turn to face your assistant and again give the “out of air, share air” signal. Assistant is pulling out his alternate air source and hands it with mouthpiece up to you. Once you grab it you need to demonstrate bringing the hose over the assistant’s right shoulder. Show that the regulator should be orientated the correct way. Change from primary to alternate. Emphasise strong roman handshake. Signal “ok”, and “go up”, lift inflator hose up over left shoulder. At this point, ascend. On the surface, demonstrate exaggerated oral inflation of the BCD. Assistant fully inflates BCD and supports you.
Note: For Open water Course instead of ascending after signaling to go up, the divers must continue while swimming for 1 minute.
Here you want to start with showing that the regulator is broken. Show breathe in with your hand. Remove regulator and place the mouthpiece half in your mouth, tilt your head, show pushing the purge button, reinforce that the purge should be fully pushed in. Signal shallow breathing. Then show that you are holding the top of your mask to prevent water from entering. Continue to show shallow breathing.
NOTE: For Open Water course – Signal to watch and show 30 seconds to demonstrate that they need to breathe for 30 seconds.
Demonstrate signal you mentioned during your briefing (i.e. use your arm to show a fin pivot and point to LPI).
Show partially inflated. Fin tips only at the bottom of the pool. Show that your legs are shaped like a V and straight out behind you. Show a gentle push of the inflate button. Demonstrate breathing in with your hand. If you do not move, show that you need to add only a little more air. Then again show a breathe in and out. Keep adding air until when you breathe in, you rise up (show this with your thumbs/hands) and when you breathe out, you sink (again, show with your thumbs or hands). Make sure to show you only add a small amount of air at any time.
*Optional: demonstrate that students should not push themselves up off the bottom of the pool in order to get the upwards momentum.
Use the signal you mentioned during briefing (i.e. big C). Start by emphasizing neutral buoyancy in fin pivot. Show that the inflator hose should be held up. Show that right hand should be out in front of you. Demonstrate that you take 3 breaths. On the last breath, start swimming, show you are making a continuous ahhhhh sound, that your airway is open and that you are looking up. For Demonstration just swim past them and cut the skill. Reinforce that they have to swim for at least 9m. (i.e. show you must swim from this side to that side.). Divemaster candidates have to demonstrate the full 9 Meters.
Adding small bits of air to the BCD until until your are neutrally buoyant using your LPI. Gesture for breathe in and out. Once neutral, demonstrate a big breath to to rise until reaching mid water and show small, shallow breaths. Demonstrate no sculling.
For oral inflation you switch after a breath to your LPI and inflate step by step until neutrally buoyant and breath control for staying in midwater.
Note: For Open Water course students should stay in the hover for at least 30 seconds without kicking or sculling for LPI use. For oral inflation they need to stay for 1 minute. Divemaster candidates need to demonstrate the full length at least once.
Point to your mask and show that you are going to remove, swim and replace). Use fingers to break the seal at the top of the mask. Show mask is fully flooded. Remove the strap and then the mask. Hold in your hands in front of you, show not to drop the mask. Show adding a small amount of air to BCD. Begin to swim. Swim 15 m one round in our deep end. Return to students. While being neutral buoyant use thumb to find the nose pocket of the mask, show that this is how you make sure it is correctly aligned by pointing to your nose. Put mask and strap back on. Demonstrate that there is no hair in the mask. Show breathing in. Hold the top of the mask to create a seal. Show breathing out through the nose. Show to look up. Finally show that the mask is clear.
Slowly undo belt buckle with your right hand. Hold weight belt on the loose end and bring it to the front. Show that the right hand should be close to the last weight. Lean forward and replace belt and secure buckle. Show that you make sure that the BCD is clear of entanglement.
NOTE: Be careful not to lean too far forward so that the students cannot see your buckle.
Point to BCD and show you will bring around to the front). Use hand to find chest clip, unclip. Loosen the left hand shoulder strap. Show not to loosen the right side. Use hand to find waist clip, unclip. Show left hand coming through shoulder strap and removing BCD, bring around to the right. Remove right hand from shoulder strap. Put BCD in front of you. Replace by putting your right arm through the right shoulder strap, use your hand to guide the tank onto your back. Put left hand back through shoulder strap. Tighten shoulder strap. Close cumber band. Close waist strap. Close chest strap. Show that inflator hose is clear and nothing is twisted.
This is a surface skill so you can talk before putting Snorkel in. Use hand to find chest clip, unclip. Loosen the left and right hand shoulder strap Use hand to find waist clip, unclip. Deflate BCD slightly and turn around while signal students to look under. push BCD below you and sit on the Backplate with arms removed from the strap. slide back into your Jacket while turning around and closing all clips and tightening straps. Double-check Lpi, Spg and Alternate Air Source is in place and re inflate your BCD.
You can talk through this skill. Lean back, remove weight belt and place on your stomach. Hold the weight belt with your right hand holding the end without the buckle, with the hand close to the last weight. Hang weight belt so that it touches your right hip. With snorkel in your mouth, roll to the left so that the belt buckle comes across your back. Grab the buckle with your left hand. Keep face down in the water and reattach weight belt.
This skill can either start at the surface or underwater. The goal is to experience the buoyancy increase at the surface due to a Weight drop. Some individuals however may need to inflate their BCD orally at the Surface.
Open your weight belt with your right hand while having a completely deflated BCD. To be able to stay at the Surface you need to kick yourself out of the water continuously. After pulling it clear and holding on the loose end away from you drop the bottom preferably on a rubber mat.
There is no single right way to perform a Objective on the PADI Skill circuit. However the professional needs to fulfil the performance requirement and be able to Demonstrate a Skill in a fluid repeatable manner. To get the best out of your performance on the PADI Skill circuit you want to make sure that you perform the skill with very exaggerated movements and it has to appear easy for your students.